The popular game that gained fame as being 'America's favorite pastime' is none other than the brisk game of baseball. There are many controversies and debate that go with the origin of baseball. Cricket, Baseball, softball running games and rounders are believed to have taken shape from primitive type of community games. Even though the name has no clear relation many games were popularly played that somewhat resemble modern day baseball. There were different ball games that were known by amusing names like stool ball, goal ball and even poison ball.
A few historical sources point that in the year 1700, Thomas Wilson who was considered an conformist leader in England condemned the game of baseball and a few other sports that took place every Sunday. There are interesting facts related to baseball. One of such reports come from David block who says that stoolball was the primitive version of baseball and dates it even back to 1672.
It leads our curiosity to the game of stoolball. It is said that in the game, a batting player was made to stand in front of a target, a stool, while another player pitched a ball. If the batting player hit the ball and was caught in field by a player, he was considered to be out of the game. Also, somewhat similar to cricket, if the ball hit the stool where the batting player stood, he was again supposed to be out. Young men and women were known to indulge into the sport.
Interestingly, the first recorded evidence of baseball occur when players from the Boston and Philadelphia clubs were on tour to England exhibiting the game to people at large. Based upon the basic rules of a game called ‘Rounders’ which was popularly played in England, the developed game of baseball slowly gained fame in early 19th century in the US. It was also known popularly as base and townball game.
In 1888, the Chicago Baseball club introduced the game to Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii, North Africa and Egypt by playing the game for a large audience. Legendary, though not generally believed, date of the codification of the first rules of baseball by Abner (1839)
A popular myth believes that Abner Doubleday set up the basic rules of baseball way back in 1839. Alexander Cartwright is said to codify baseball rules with his New York Knickerbockers. A book called Baseball by Alexander and a documentary based upon it by filmmaker Ken Burns suggests that it was Alexander who first codified the game rules.